Case Report

A case report: Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy as an Al-ternative for cell counting chambers of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) for brewery applications

Georg Christoph Brunauer*, Alina Meindl, Bernhard Rotter, Alfred Gruber and Christoph Slouka

Published: 26 April, 2021 | Volume 5 - Issue 1 | Pages: 027-031

Advanced technologies, such as electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), are a valuable tool which can enhance and simplify the industrial process monitoring if used correctly. State-of-the-art approaches for screening the cell growth of for example yeast during the brewing process still heavily rely on offline methods such as methylene blue or florescence dye-based staining, and/or the usage of flow cytometric measurements. These methods, while being accurate, are very time consuming and require heavy manual effort. Furthermore, the time span needed to obtain the counting result can lead to a time-delayed response signal and can impact the quality of the final product. In recent studies, applications of low-frequency EIS in the α-regime were used for the determination of cell counts and the metabolic state in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This method has proven to be a reliable tool which has also shown high potential in industrial scale applications. The online biomass monitoring, as well as viable cell count, for feasibility study was performed in-house at Stiegl Brewery in Salzburg/Austria founded in 1492.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.afns.1001029 Cite this Article Read Full Article PDF


Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Viable cell count; Online biomass monitoring; Impedance spectroscopy (EIS); process Analytical technology (PAT)


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