Research Article

The effects of hemp seed consumption on depression, anxiety and cognitive improvement based on machine learning

Jea-Bum Jung, Yong-Won Cho, Sang-Yub Kim, Soo-Yeon Chung, Kyung-Hoon Han, Byung-Joo Ham and Sung-Hee Han*

Published: 11 March, 2023 | Volume 7 - Issue 1 | Pages: 032-039

Background: Hemp seed (Cannabis sativa L.) is an annual herbaceous plant of the Cannabis genus that contains a large amount of protein, iron, and fatty acids, including linoleic, α-linolenic, and γ-linolenic acid. These compounds are involved in a number of biological activities, including immunity enhancement, hyperlipidemia, and inflammation reduction. Here, we investigated the antioxidant effects of hemp seed on human cognitive function.
Methods: The test was administered to 34 healthy volunteers aged ≥ 20 years. Participants were selected according to age and sex and were administered 10 g of hemp seed three times daily (30 g/day) for 45 days. The outcome measurements were recorded using a survey, computerized neurocognitive tests, and artificial intelligence.
Results: Survey analysis determined that both the Beck Anxiety Inventory and Beck Depression Inventory measurements decreased significantly after hemp seed consumption when compared to measurements taken before consumption (p < 0.05). Additionally, significant results were observed in the Stroop and Tower of London tasks (p < 0.05). The prediction performance for the antidepressant effect was 0.83 for the area under the curve in the random forest algorithm, which was superior to that of other machine learning methods. 
Conclusion: These results suggest that hemp seeds have a beneficial effect on cognitive impairment.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.afns.1001047 Cite this Article Read Full Article PDF


Hemp seed; Depression; Anxiety; Cognition; Artificial intelligence


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